为何6月鲜果价格同比涨42.7% ?统计局解释了

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根据国家统计局网站7月10日,国家统计局公布了2019年6月全国CPI(消费者物价指数)和PPI(工业生产者物价指数)数据。

1.消费物价指数较上月略有下降,同比增幅与上个月持平

从环比较来看,CPI从上个月持平至下降0.1%。其中,食品价格下跌0.3%,影响CPI约0.06个百分点;非食品价格下跌0.1%,影响CPI约0.05个百分点。在食品方面,大量新鲜蔬菜上市,价格下降了9.7%,影响了CPI下降约0.25个百分点;早期鸡开始生产,鸡蛋供应充足,价格下降2.6%,影响CPI下降约0.01%;虾蟹供应量增加水产品价格下跌0.9%,影响CPI约0.02个百分点。西瓜和桃子等水果的价格下跌,但苹果和梨的价格继续上涨,涨幅更高。此外,南部某些地区的强降水影响了采摘和运输。火龙果和菠萝等水果价格上涨,全国新鲜水果价格上涨5.1%。 CPI的影响上升约0.11个百分点。目前的价格水平处于历史高位;猪肉供应紧张,价格上涨3.6%,影响CPI约0.09个百分点。在非食品类产品中,由于成品油价格调整,汽柴油价格分别下跌3.5%和3.7%,共同影响CPI下跌约0.07个百分点。

From the same period of last year, the CPI rose by 2.7%, the same as last month. Among them, food prices rose 8.3%, affecting CPI rose by about 1.58 percentage points; non-food prices rose by 1.4%, affecting CPI rose by about 1.10 percentage points. In food, the price of fresh fruit rose by 42.7%, an increase of 16.0 percentage points over the previous month, affecting the CPI by about 0.71 percentage points. In addition to the influence of climate and other factors, the lower price in the same period last year was also one of the reasons for the increase; pork prices rose by 21.1. %, the increase was 2.9 percentage points higher than that of the previous month, affecting CPI by about 0.45 percentage points; the price of fresh vegetables rose by 4.2%, which was 9.1 percentage points lower than that of the previous month, affecting CPI by about 0.10 percentage points. In non-food, health care, education, culture, entertainment, and living prices rose by 2.5%, 2.4%, and 1.6%, respectively, which together affected the CPI to rise by about 0.84 percentage points. According to estimates, in the 2.7% year-on-year increase in June, the impact of price changes last year was about 1.5 percentage points, and the new price increase was about 1.2 percentage points.

Second, the PPI has turned from the ups and downs, from the ups and downs to the next year

xx从环比较来看,PPI已经从前一个月的0.2%上升到0.3%的下降。其中,生产资料价格由上月的0.2%上升至下降0.4%,生活资料价格由上个月的0.1%上升至持平。从对40个工业部门的调查来看,价格上涨了18,比上个月下降了3;下降是17,增加是6;平均值为5,下降幅度为3.在主要行业,石油相关行业受国际原油价格下跌影响,价格上涨和下跌。其中,石油和天然气开采价格下跌3.9%,而石油,煤炭和其他燃料加工业下跌1.9%。受前期钢材产量大幅增加和市场供应充足的影响,黑色金属冶炼及压延加工业价格从1.3%下跌。此外,由于近期铁矿石需求增加和供应紧张,黑色金属矿业和制衣业价格上涨3.7%,比上月上涨1.5个百分点。

与去年同期相比,PPI从上个月的0.6%上升至持平。其中,生产资料价格由上个月的0.6%变为上个月的0.3%;生活资料价格上涨0.9%,与上月持平。在主要产业中,增长下降的煤炭开采和洗选业增长3.4%,比上月下降0.4个百分点;非金属矿产品行业上涨2.5%,下跌0.6个百分点。石油,煤炭和其他燃料加工业从跌宕起跌下跌1.9%;石油和天然气开采业下降1.8%;黑色金属冶炼及压延加工业下跌0.5%。此外,黑色金属矿业和制衣业价格同比上涨18.5%,比上月上涨4.3个百分点。据估计,6月份同比持平,去年价格变动的影响和新涨价的影响分别约为0.3个百分点和-0.3个百分点。

编辑马浩格